Characteristics of the Population of Romania During 1990–2013



The population of Romania has known a distinctive dynamics, especially after 1990. In this article we intend to analyze the evolution of several demographic indicators, emphasizing the main causes of these evolutions – negative natural increase, international migration. Moreover, certain determinants of these variations such as demographic aging of population, changes in the age structure of population and by age groups are described. Social movements, political changes, economic growth and decline are refl ected in the population demographics of a country, hence in the evolution of birth rates and fertility, mortality, marriages and divorces and of the internal and external migration. In time, the evolution of these demographic phenomena leads to a more or less articulated change of the population pyramid of the resident population. In this article we present the population pyramid of the resident population of Romania in the years 2002 and 2013, highlighting four distinct phases of the demographic evolution.


demographics of Romania, migration, population structure.

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